List of Famous people who born in 1904

Robert Oppenheimer

First Name Robert
Last Name Oppenheimer
Born on April 22, 1904
Died on February 18, 1967 (aged 62)

J. Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer was the wartime head of the Los Alamos Laboratory and is among those who are credited with being the "father of the atomic bomb" for their role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II undertaking that developed the first nuclear weapons. The first atomic bomb was successfully detonated on July 16, 1945, in the Trinity test in New Mexico. Oppenheimer later remarked that it brought to mind words from the Bhagavad Gita: "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds." In August 1945, the weapons were used in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

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Lal Bahadur Shastri

First Name Lal
Last Name Shastri
Born on October 2, 1904
Died on January 11, 1966 (aged 61)
Born in India

Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of India. He promoted the White Revolution – a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk – by supporting the Amul milk co-operative of Anand, Gujarat and creating the National Dairy Development Board. Underlining the need to boost India's food production, Shastri also promoted the Green Revolution in India in 1965. This led to an increase in food grain production, especially in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

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Charles Richard Drew

First Name Charles
Last Name Drew
Born on June 3, 1904
Died on April 1, 1950 (aged 45)

Charles Richard Drew was an American surgeon and medical researcher. He researched in the field of blood transfusions, developing improved techniques for blood storage, and applied his expert knowledge to developing large-scale blood banks early in World War II. This allowed medics to save thousands of lives of the Allied forces. As the most prominent African American in the field, Drew protested against the practice of racial segregation in the donation of blood, as it lacked scientific foundation, and resigned his position with the American Red Cross, which maintained the policy until 1950.

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Reinhard Heydrich

Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich
First Name Reinhard
Last Name Heydrich
Born on March 7, 1904
Died on June 4, 1942 (aged 38)

Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich was a high-ranking German SS and police official during the Nazi era and a main architect of the Holocaust. He was chief of the Reich Main Security Office. He was also Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor of Bohemia and Moravia. He served as president of the International Criminal Police Commission and chaired the January 1942 Wannsee Conference which formalised plans for the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question"—the deportation and genocide of all Jews in German-occupied Europe.

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Pretty Boy Floyd

First Name Pretty
Last Name Floyd
Born on February 3, 1904
Died on October 22, 1934 (aged 30)

Charles Arthur Floyd, nicknamed Pretty Boy Floyd, was an American bank robber. He operated in the West and Central states, and his criminal exploits gained widespread press coverage in the 1930s. He was seen positively by the public because during robberies he burned mortgage documents, freeing many people from their debts. He was pursued and killed by a group of Bureau of Investigation (BOI) agents led by Melvin Purvis. Historians have speculated as to which officers were at the event, but accounts document that local officers Robert "Pete" Pyle and George Curran were present at his fatal shooting and also at his embalming. Floyd has continued to be a familiar figure in American popular culture, sometimes seen as notorious, other times portrayed as a tragic figure, even a victim of the hard times of the Great Depression in the United States.

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Valery Chkalov

First Name Valery
Last Name Chkalov
Born on February 2, 1904
Died on December 15, 1938 (aged 34)

Valery Pavlovich Chkalov was a test pilot awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (1936).

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Karl Brandt

First Name Karl
Last Name Brandt
Born on January 8, 1904
Died on June 2, 1948 (aged 44)
Born in France, Grand Est

Karl Brandt was a German physician and Schutzstaffel (SS) officer in Nazi Germany. Trained in surgery, Brandt joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and became Adolf Hitler's escort doctor in August 1934. A member of Hitler's inner circle at the Berghof, he was selected by Philipp Bouhler, the head of Hitler's Chancellery, to administer the Aktion T4 euthanasia program. Brandt was later appointed the Reich Commissioner of Sanitation and Health. Accused of involvement in human experimentation and other war crimes, Brandt was indicted in late 1946 and faced trial before a U.S. military tribunal along with 22 others in United States of America v. Karl Brandt, et al. He was convicted, sentenced to death, and later hanged on 2 June 1948.

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Viktor Brack

First Name Viktor
Born on November 9, 1904
Died on June 2, 1948 (aged 43)

Viktor Hermann Brack was a German Nazi war criminal, an organiser of the euthanasia programme Action T4, where the Nazi state systematically murdered over 70,000 disabled German and Austrian people. Following this, Brack was one of the men responsible for the gassing of Jews in the extermination camps, and he conferred with Odilo Globočnik about the practical implementation of the Final Solution. Brack was sentenced to death in 1947 and executed by hanging in 1948.

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Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

First Name Subhadra
Born on August 16, 1904
Died on February 15, 1948 (aged 43)
Born in India

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was an Indian poet. One of her most popular poems is "Jhansi ki Rani".

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Glenn Miller

Alton Glenn Miller
First Name Glenn
Last Name Miller
Born on March 1, 1904
Died on December 15, 1944 (aged 40)

Alton Glenn Miller was an American big-band trombonist, arranger, composer, and bandleader in the swing era. He was the best-selling recording artist from 1939 to 1942, leading one of the best-known big bands. Miller's recordings include "In the Mood", "Moonlight Serenade", "Pennsylvania 6-5000", "Chattanooga Choo Choo", "A String of Pearls", "At Last", "(I've Got a Gal In) Kalamazoo", "American Patrol", "Tuxedo Junction", "Elmer's Tune", and "Little Brown Jug". In just four years Glenn Miller scored 16 number-one records and 69 top ten hits—more than Elvis Presley and the Beatles did in their careers.

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Kundan Lal Saigal

First Name Kundan
Born on April 4, 1904
Died on January 18, 1947 (aged 42)

Kundan Lal Saigal, often abbreviated as K. L. Saigal, was an Indian singer and actor who is considered the first superstar of the Hindi film industry, which was centred in Kolkata during Saigal's time, but is currently centred in Mumbai. Saigal's unique voice quality which was a mixture of baritone and soft tenor was the benchmark for most of the singers who followed him. In fact it remains the gold standard even today shining through very early and practically primitive recording technology.

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Helen Kane

Helen Clare Schroeder
First Name Helen
Last Name Kane
Born on August 4, 1904
Died on September 26, 1966 (aged 62)

Helen Kane was an American singer and actress. Her signature song was "I Wanna Be Loved by You" (1928), featured in the 1928 stage musical Good Boy. The song was written for Good Boy by songwriters Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby. Kane's voice and appearance were a source for Fleischer Studios animator Grim Natwick when creating Betty Boop. Kane attempted to sue the studio for claims of stealing her signature "boop-a-doop" style. However, the judge decided that there was not sufficient proof of this, thus dismissing the case.

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Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt

First Name Gloria
Last Name Vanderbilt
Born on August 23, 1904
Died on February 13, 1965 (aged 60)

Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt was a Swiss-born American socialite best known as the mother of fashion designer and artist Gloria Vanderbilt and maternal grandmother of television journalist Anderson Cooper. She was a central figure in Vanderbilt vs. Whitney, one of the most sensational American custody trials in the 20th century. Her identical twin sister, Thelma, Viscountess Furness, was the mistress of the future Edward VIII.

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Jun'ya Koizumi

First Name Jun'ya
Last Name Koizumi
Born on January 24, 1904
Died on August 10, 1969 (aged 65)

Junya Koizumi was a Japanese politician who served as Director General of the Japan Defense Agency during the 1960s.

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Peter Lorre

First Name Peter
Last Name Lorre
Born on June 26, 1904
Died on March 23, 1964 (aged 59)
Height 160 cm | 5'3

Peter Lorre was a Hungarian-American actor. Lorre began his stage career in Vienna before moving to Germany where he worked first on the stage, then in film in Berlin in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Lorre caused an international sensation in the German film M (1931), directed by Fritz Lang, in which he portrayed a serial killer who preys on little girls.

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Fats Waller

Thomas Wright Waller
First Name Fats
Born on May 21, 1904
Died on December 15, 1943 (aged 39)

Thomas Wright "Fats" Waller was an American jazz pianist, organist, composer, violinist, singer, and comedic entertainer. His innovations in the Harlem stride style laid the groundwork for modern jazz piano. His best-known compositions, "Ain't Misbehavin'" and "Honeysuckle Rose", were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1984 and 1999. Waller copyrighted over 400 songs, many of them co-written with his closest collaborator, Andy Razaf. Razaf described his partner as "the soul of melody... a man who made the piano sing... both big in body and in mind... known for his generosity... a bubbling bundle of joy". It is possible financial circumstances caused him to compose many more popular songs and sell them to other performers.

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Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia

First Name Alexei
Born on July 30, 1904
Died on July 17, 1918 (aged 13)

Alexei Nikolaevich of the House of Romanov, was the last Tsesarevich and heir apparent to the throne of the Russian Empire. He was the youngest child and only son of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. He was born with haemophilia, which his parents tried treating with the methods of faith healer Grigori Rasputin.

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Walther Hewel

First Name Walther
Last Name Hewel
Born on January 2, 1904
Died on May 2, 1945 (aged 41)

Walther Hewel was a German diplomat before and during World War II, an early and active member of the Nazi Party, and one of German dictator Adolf Hitler's personal friends.

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Jean Zay

First Name Jean
Last Name Zay
Born on August 6, 1904
Died on June 20, 1944 (aged 39)

Jean Zay was a French politician and freemason. He served as Minister of National Education and Fine Arts from 1936 until 1939. He was imprisoned by the Vichy government from August 1940 until he was murdered in 1944.

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Dick Powell

First Name Dick
Last Name Powell
Born on November 14, 1904
Died on January 2, 1963 (aged 58)
Height 180 cm | 5'11

Richard Ewing Powell was an American singer, actor, voice actor, film producer, film director and studio head. Though he came to stardom as a musical comedy performer, he showed versatility, and successfully transformed into a hardboiled leading man starring in projects of a more dramatic nature. He was the first actor to portray the private detective Philip Marlowe on screen.

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