List of Famous people who died in 1954

Alan Turing

Alan Mathison Turing
First Name Alan
Last Name Turing
Born on June 23, 1912
Died on June 7, 1954 (aged 41)

Alan Mathison Turing was an English mathematician, computer scientist, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist. Turing was highly influential in the development of theoretical computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of algorithm and computation with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general-purpose computer. Turing is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence. Despite these accomplishments, he was never fully recognised in his home country during his lifetime due to the prevalence of homophobia at the time and because much of his work was covered by the Official Secrets Act.

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Frida Kahlo

Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo Calderón
First Name Frida
Last Name Kahlo
Born on July 6, 1907
Died on July 13, 1954 (aged 47)
Born in Mexico, Mexico City

Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón was a Mexican painter known for her many portraits, self-portraits, and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico. Inspired by the country's popular culture, she employed a naïve folk art style to explore questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender, class, and race in Mexican society. Her paintings often had strong autobiographical elements and mixed realism with fantasy. In addition to belonging to the post-revolutionary Mexicayotl movement, which sought to define a Mexican identity, Kahlo has been described as a surrealist or magical realist. She is known for painting about her experience of chronic pain.

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Cornelia Dorabuji

First Name Cornelia
Last Name Dorabuji
Born on November 15, 1866
Died on July 6, 1954 (aged 87)
Born in India

Cornelia Sorabji was an Indian lawyer, social reformer and writer. She was the first female graduate from Bombay University, the first woman to study law at Oxford University, and the first female advocate in India.

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Maurice Tillet

First Name Maurice
Last Name Tillet
Born on October 23, 1903
Died on September 4, 1954 (aged 50)
Height 170 cm | 5'7

Maurice Tillet was a French professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, The French Angel. Tillet was a leading box office draw in the early 1940s and was twice World Heavyweight Champion by the American Wrestling Association run by Paul Bowser in Boston.

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Lionel Barrymore

Lionel Herbert Blythe
First Name Lionel
Last Name Barrymore
Born on April 28, 1878
Died on November 15, 1954 (aged 76)
Height 173 cm | 5'8

Lionel Barrymore was an American actor of stage, screen and radio as well as a film director. He won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in A Free Soul (1931), and remains best known to modern audiences for the role of villainous Mr. Potter in Frank Capra's 1946 film It's a Wonderful Life.

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Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette
Born on January 28, 1873
Died on August 3, 1954 (aged 81)

Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette, known mononymously as Colette, was a French author and woman of letters. She was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948 and was also known as a mime, actress, and journalist. Colette is best remembered for her 1944 novella Gigi, which was the basis for the 1958 film and the 1973 stage production of the same name.

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Kaddour Benghabrit

First Name Kaddour
Last Name Benghabrit
Born on November 1, 1868
Died on June 24, 1954 (aged 85)

Abdelkader Ben Ghabrit, commonly known as Si Kaddour Benghabrit was an Algerian religious leader, translator and interpreter who worked for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He is most notable for being the first rector of the Great Mosque of Paris and for saving Jews and resistance fighters from the Nazis during the Second World War.

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Enrico Fermi

First Name Enrico
Last Name Fermi
Born on September 29, 1901
Died on November 28, 1954 (aged 53)
Born in Italy, Lazio

Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1. He has been called the "architect of the nuclear age" and the "architect of the atomic bomb". He was one of very few physicists to excel in both theoretical physics and experimental physics. Fermi was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity by neutron bombardment and for the discovery of transuranium elements. With his colleagues, Fermi filed several patents related to the use of nuclear power, all of which were taken over by the US government. He made significant contributions to the development of statistical mechanics, quantum theory, and nuclear and particle physics.

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Robert Capa

First Name Robert
Last Name Capa
Born on October 22, 1913
Died on May 25, 1954 (aged 40)
Born in Hungary

Robert Capa was a Hungarian-American war photographer and photojournalist as well as the companion and professional partner of photographer Gerda Taro. He is considered by some to be the greatest combat and adventure photographer in history.

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Machine Gun Kelly

First Name Machine
Last Name Kelly
Born on July 18, 1895
Died on July 18, 1954 (aged 59)
Height 192 cm | 6'4

George Kelly Barnes, better known by his pseudonym "Machine Gun Kelly", was an American gangster from Memphis, Tennessee, during the prohibition era. His nickname came from his favorite weapon, a Thompson submachine gun. He is best known for the kidnapping of the oil tycoon and businessman Charles F. Urschel in July 1933, from which he and his gang collected a $200,000 ransom. Urschel had collected and left considerable evidence that assisted the subsequent FBI investigation, which eventually led to Kelly's arrest in Memphis, Tennessee, on September 26, 1933. His crimes also included bootlegging and armed robbery.

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