List of Famous people who died in 1945

Adolf Hitler

First Name Adolf
Last Name Hitler
Died on April 30, 1945
Height 174 cm | 5'9

Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as the chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then as Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust, the genocide of about 6 million Jews and millions of other victims.

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt

First Name Franklin
Last Name Roosevelt
Born on January 30, 1882
Died on April 12, 1945 (aged 63)
Height 184 cm | 6'0

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the Democratic Party, he won a record four presidential elections and became a central figure in world events during the first half of the 20th century. Roosevelt directed the federal government during most of the Great Depression, implementing his New Deal domestic agenda in response to the worst economic crisis in U.S. history. As a dominant leader of his party, he built the New Deal Coalition, which defined modern liberalism in the United States throughout the middle third of the 20th century. His third and fourth terms were dominated by World War II, which ended shortly after he died in office.

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Anne Frank

Annelies Marie Frank
First Name Anne
Last Name Frank
Born on June 12, 1929
Died on February 1, 1945 (aged 15)
Born in Germany, Hesse

Annelies Marie "Anne" Frank was a German-Dutch diarist of Jewish heritage. One of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust, she gained fame posthumously with the publication of The Diary of a Young Girl, in which she documents her life in hiding from 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II. It is one of the world's best known books and has been the basis for several plays and films.

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Subhas Chandra Bose

Born on January 23, 1897
Died on August 18, 1945 (aged 48)
Born in India

Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy. The honorific Netaji, first applied in early 1942 to Bose in Germany by the Indian soldiers of the Indische Legion and by the German and Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin, was later used throughout India.

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Benito Mussolini

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini
First Name Benito
Last Name Mussolini
Born on July 29, 1883
Died on April 28, 1945 (aged 61)

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician and journalist who founded and led the National Fascist Party. He was Prime Minister of Italy from the Fascist coup d'état in 1922 until his deposition in 1943, and Duce ("Leader") of Italian Fascism from the establishment of the Italian Fasces of Combat in 1919 until his execution in 1945 during the Italian Civil War. As dictator of Italy and founder of the fascist movement, Mussolini inspired other totalitarian rulers such as Adolf Hitler, Francisco Franco, and António de Oliveira Salazar.

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George S. Patton

First Name George
Last Name Patton
Born on November 11, 1885
Died on December 21, 1945 (aged 60)

George Smith Patton Jr. was a controversial general in the United States Army who commanded the Seventh United States Army in the Mediterranean theater of World War II, and the United States Army Central in France and Germany after the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

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Joseph Goebbels

Paul Joseph Goebbels
First Name Joseph
Last Name Goebbels
Born on October 29, 1897
Died on May 1, 1945 (aged 47)

Paul Joseph Goebbels was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. He was one of Adolf Hitler's closest and most devoted associates, and was known for his skills in public speaking and his deeply virulent antisemitism, which was evident in his publicly voiced views. He advocated progressively harsher discrimination, including the extermination of the Jews in the Holocaust.

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Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler
First Name Heinrich
Last Name Himmler
Born on October 7, 1900
Died on May 23, 1945 (aged 44)
Born in Germany, Bavaria

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel, and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany. Himmler was one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany and a main architect of the Holocaust.

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John S. McCain

First Name John
Last Name McCain
Born on August 9, 1884
Died on September 6, 1945 (aged 61)

John Sidney "Slew" McCain was a U.S. Navy admiral and the patriarch of the McCain military family. He held several command assignments during the Pacific campaign of World War II. McCain was a pioneer of aircraft carrier operations. Serving in the Pacific Ocean theater of World War II, in 1942 he commanded all land-based air operations in support of the Guadalcanal campaign, and in 1944–45 he aggressively led the Fast Carrier Task Force. His operations off the Philippines and Okinawa and air strikes against Formosa and the Japanese home islands caused tremendous destruction of Japanese naval and air forces in the closing period of the war. He died four days after the formal Japanese surrender ceremony.

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Eva Braun

Eva Anna Paula Braun
First Name Eva
Last Name Braun
Born on February 6, 1912
Died on April 30, 1945 (aged 33)

Eva Anna Paula Hitler was the longtime companion of Adolf Hitler and, for less than 40 hours, his wife. Braun met Hitler in Munich when she was a 17-year-old assistant and model for his personal photographer Heinrich Hoffmann. She began seeing Hitler often about two years later. She attempted suicide twice during their early relationship. By 1936, she was a part of his household at the Berghof near Berchtesgaden and lived a sheltered life throughout World War II. Braun was a photographer, and she took many of the surviving colour photographs and films of Hitler. She was a key figure within Hitler's inner social circle, but did not attend public events with him until mid-1944, when her sister Gretl married Hermann Fegelein, the SS liaison officer on his staff.

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Richard Bong

First Name Richard
Last Name Bong
Born on September 24, 1920
Died on August 6, 1945 (aged 24)

Richard Ira Bong was a United States Army Air Forces major and Medal of Honor recipient in World War II. He was one of the most decorated American fighter pilots and the country's top flying ace in the war, credited with shooting down 40 Japanese aircraft, all with the Lockheed P-38 Lightning fighter. He died in California while testing a Lockheed P-80 jet fighter shortly before the war ended.

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Oskar Dirlewanger

First Name Oskar
Last Name Dirlewanger
Born on September 26, 1895
Died on June 7, 1945 (aged 49)
Born in Germany, Bavaria

Oskar Paul Dirlewanger was a German military officer (SS-Oberführer) and war criminal who served as the founder and commander of the Nazi SS penal unit "Dirlewanger" during World War II. Serving in Poland and in Belarus, his name is closely linked to some of the most notorious crimes of the war. He also fought in World War I, the post-World War I conflicts, and the Spanish Civil War. He reportedly died after World War II while in Allied custody. According to Timothy Snyder, "in all the theaters of the Second World War, few could compete in cruelty with Dirlewanger".

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Hans Oster

First Name Hans
Last Name Oster
Born on August 9, 1887
Died on April 9, 1945 (aged 57)
Born in Germany, Saxony

Hans Paul Oster was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany and a leading figure of the German resistance from 1938 to 1943. As deputy head of the counter-espionage bureau in the Abwehr, Oster was in a good position to conduct resistance operations under the guise of intelligence work.

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Eduard Bloch

First Name Eduard
Last Name Bloch
Born on January 30, 1872
Died on June 1, 1945 (aged 73)

Eduard Bloch was a medical professional practicing in Linz (Austria). Until 1907, Bloch was the physician of Adolf Hitler's family. Because Bloch was an Austrian Jew, Hitler later awarded Bloch special protection after the Nazi annexation of Austria.

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Milton S. Hershey

First Name Milton
Last Name Hershey
Born on September 13, 1857
Died on October 13, 1945 (aged 88)

Milton Snavely Hershey was an American chocolatier, businessman, and philanthropist.

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Kurt Knispel

First Name Kurt
Last Name Knispel
Born on September 20, 1921
Died on April 28, 1945 (aged 23)

Kurt Knispel was a German tank commander during World War II, notable for claiming 168 tanks destroyed, making him, if the claims can be evidenced, the most successful fighter in armored warfare.

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Hannie Schaft

Jannetje Johanna Schaft
First Name Hannie
Died on April 17, 1945

Jannetje Johanna (Jo) Schaft was a Dutch communist resistance fighter during World War II. She became known as 'the girl with the red hair'. Her secret name in the resistance movement was "Hannie".

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William Phelps Eno

First Name William
Last Name Eno
Born on June 3, 1858
Died on December 3, 1945 (aged 87)

William Phelps Eno was an American businessman responsible for many of the earliest innovations in road safety and traffic control. He is sometimes known as the "Father of traffic safety", despite never having learned to drive a car himself.

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Hans Fischer

First Name Hans
Last Name Fischer
Born on July 27, 1881
Died on March 31, 1945 (aged 63)

Hans Fischer was a German organic chemist and the recipient of the 1930 Nobel Prize for Chemistry "for his researches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin."

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Else Lasker-Schüler

Elisabeth Schüler
First Name Else
Born on February 11, 1869
Died on January 22, 1945 (aged 75)

Else Lasker-Schüler was a German-Jewish poet and playwright famous for her bohemian lifestyle in Berlin and her unique poetic genius. She was one of the few women affiliated with the Expressionist movement. Lasker-Schüler fled Nazi Germany and lived out the rest of her life in Jerusalem.

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